Not quite: The Trump administration has announced its intention to resign in its first year in office, but a country cannot officially begin withdrawing until three years after the agreement comes into force. For the United States, it was November 4, 2019. Yet the United States is not yet completely out. It will be exactly one year before the withdrawal notice is formalized, meaning the U.S. will formally withdraw from the Paris Agreement the day after the 2020 U.S. presidential election. “The United States should stay with the other 189 parties to the agreement and not go out alone.” On the other hand, it means that the federal government has formally abandoned President Obama`s goal of reducing emissions by about 28% from 2005 levels by 2025. If Donald Trump is re-elected and the United States does not participate in the Paris agreement, other nations could probably adopt less aggressive measures to combat climate change. The United States is the largest historical contribution to climate change, although it has only 4% of the world`s population. President Trump initially announced his intention to withdraw from the agreement in the summer of 2017, shortly after taking office.
At the time, he said, “From today, the United States will cease all implementation of the agreement,” including the federal policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and U.S. contributions to the International Climate Fund for poor nations. All remaining parties to the agreement must present their new 2030 targets before the next major UN climate meeting, to be held in Glasgow, UK, in November 2021 (this year`s climate summit has been postponed due to the pandemic). To date, only 14 revised objectives have been proposed or presented. Luke Kemp, of the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the Australian National University, wrote in a commentary for Nature that “withdrawal is unlikely to change U.S. emissions” because “U.S. greenhouse gas emissions are disconnected from international legal obligations.” He added, however, that this could hamper efforts to mitigate climate change if the United States ceases to contribute to the Green Climate Fund. Kemp said the impact of a U.S. exit could be good or bad for the Paris agreement, because “an unseraunted American president can do more damage inside than outside the agreement.” Finally, “a withdrawal could also make the United States a climate pariah and provide China and the EU with a unique opportunity to take control of the climate regime and significantly strengthen their international reputation and soft power.”  On the other hand, there is the belief that China is not in a position to take control of the climate regime and that it should instead “help rebuild global leadership by replacing the Sino-Chinese G2 partnership with a climate 5 (C5) partnership comprising China, the EU, India, Brazil and South Africa.”  When the withdrawal is effective, the United States will be the only UNFCCC member states not to have signed the Paris Agreement.
At the time of the initial announcement of the withdrawal, Syria and Nicaragua were also not present; However, both Syria and Nicaragua have ratified the agreement, so the United States is the only UNFCCC member state that intends not to be a contracting party to the agreement.  Monday`s letter to the United Nations would allow Mr. to do so.